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LGBTQIA+ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender/Transsexual, Queer/Questioning, Intersex, Asexual/Allies, Nonbinary/Genderqueer +) Resources and Research

Finding books (fiction, non-fiction, poetry, plays), movies, news, magazines, literary journals and more for LGBTQIA (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer/questioning, intersex, asexual/ally) interests and research.

Some Key Terms

The Genderbread Person, v.4.0. A gingerbread person.  The rainbow brain at the top of the head has an arrow pointing to it that says "identity." The heart has an arrow that says "attraction." The groin region features a male/female/intersex symbol that is designated "sex." A dotted line outlining the contours of the body indicates "expression." "Gender identity," represented by the brain, has a continuum for woman-ness and man-ness; "Gender expression," represented by the body, has continuum lines for femininity and masculinity; "Anatomical sex" has lines for "female-ness" and "male-ness." The words Identity does not equal Expression does not equal Sex does not equal Gender does not equal Sexual Orientation appear below the Genderbread Person. To the right appears "Sex Assigned at Birth," with the boxes Female, Intersex, and Male underneath. Below this is an heart with "Sexually attracted to Women and/or Feminine/and or Female People and Men and/or Masculine/and or Male People, with arrows representing a continuum from none to all. Next to this is a heart with the words Romantically Attracted to and two arrows: Women and/or Feminine/and or Female People and Men and/or Masculine/and or Male People. Genderbread Person Version 4 created and uncopyrighted 2017 by Sam Killermann. For a bigger bite, read more at www.genderbread.org.

 

Ally: A person who is not LGBTQ but shows support/ promotes equality in a variety of ways.

Androgynous: Identifying and/or presenting as neither distinguishably masculine nor feminine.

Agender: Having no gender

Asexual (Ace) : The lack of a sexual attraction or desire for other people. There are degrees of asexuality, such as demisexual (emotional/romantic attraction needed) and graysexual (variable)

Biphobia: Prejudice, fear, or hatred directed toward bisexual people.

Bisexual: A term that describes someone who is attracted to both men and women, or to more than one gender identity.

Cisgender or Cis : A term used to describe a person whose gender identity aligns with those typically associated with the sex assigned to them at birth.

Gay: A person who is emotionally, romantically or sexually attracted to members of the same gender. Also used to refer to men who are attracted to men.

Gender dysphoria: Clinically significant distress caused when a person's assigned birth gender is not the same as the one with which they identify.

Gender-expansive: Conveys a wider, more flexible range of gender identity and/or expression than typically associated with the binary gender system. See also non-binary.

Gender expression: External appearance of one's gender identity, usually expressed through behavior, clothing, haircut or voice, and which may or may not conform to socially defined behaviors and characteristics typically associated with being either masculine or feminine.

Gender-fluid: A person who does not identify with a single fixed gender; of or relating to a person having or expressing a fluid or unfixed gender identity.

Gender identity: One’s innermost concept of self as male, female, a blend of both or neither--how individuals perceive themselves and what they call themselves. One's gender identity can be the same or different from their sex assigned at birth.

Gender non-conforming: A broad term referring to people who do not behave in a way that conforms to the traditional expectations of their gender, or whose gender expression does not fit neatly into a category.

Genderqueer: Genderqueer people typically reject notions of static categories of gender and embrace a fluidity of gender identity and often, though not always, sexual orientation. People who identify as "genderqueer" may see themselves as being both male and female, neither male nor female or as falling completely outside these categories.

Heteronormativity: The assumption that heterosexuality is the norm; usually with traditional gender assumptions of masculinity and femininity.

Heterosexism: Prejudice for or discrimination against homosexual or queer people; practices favoring heterosexuality

Homophobia: The fear and hatred of or discomfort with people who are attracted to members of the same sex.

Intersex: Describes a condition in which a person is born with a sex that doesn’t fit the typical definitions of female or male due to genetic, hormonal or anatomical differences.

Lesbian: A woman who is emotionally, romantically or sexually attracted to other women.

LGBTQ: An acronym for “lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer.” Q also=questioning.

Non-Binary (NB or enby): Anything that falls outside of the binary system (see definition above). Intersex, genderqueer, and bisexuality are all examples of non-binary identities.

Pansexual: Describes someone who has the potential for emotional, romantic or sexual attraction to people of any gender though not necessarily simultaneously, in the same way or to the same degree. Seen to be more inclusive than bisexual, which some argue implies a binary.

Queer: A term people often use to express fluid identities and orientations. Often used interchangeably with "LGBTQ."

Questioning: A term used to describe people who are in the process of exploring their sexual orientation or gender identity.

Same-gender loving: A term some prefer to use instead of lesbian, gay or bisexual to express attraction to and love of people of the same gender. “Woman-loving woman” (WLW) or “Man-loving man” (MLM) are also used in online communities.

Sexual orientation: An inherent or immutable enduring emotional, romantic or sexual attraction to other people.

Transitioning: The social, legal, and/or medical process a trans* person may go through to make their gender identity fit their gender expression, presentation, or sex. This word means many different things to different people and is not all-or-nothing.

Transgender (Trans*): An umbrella term for people whose gender identity and/or expression is different from cultural expectations based on the sex they were assigned at birth. Does not imply any specific sexual orientation.

Transphobia: The fear and hatred of, or discomfort with, transgender people.

 

Adapted from http://www.hrc.org/resources/glossary-of-terms and https://www.thetrevorproject.org/trvr_support_center/glossary/

See also definitions under each tab in this guide!

Combine the terms below with other topics in Library One Search, in specific library databases, or the library catalog.

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Background & Context